Vocabulary Today References


Lesson 19: Speaking Bahasa Inggris Natural B1 | Joesin

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Untuk beberapa pelajar yang mau belajar bahasa Inggris, seringkali kita terlampau fokus pada grammar. Dalam belajar bahasa Inggris, ada satu hal yang perlu dipahami. Gramnar dan kosakata literal (kamus) terkadang membuat pengucapan terdengar formal dan kaku. Meski begitu, hal tersebut sangat baik. Salah satu solusi agar proses belajar speaking bisa berkembang yakni menggunakan collocation/phrasal verb. Istilah ini bermakna kata yang sering kali native speaker gunakan untuk percakapan. Bagi pelajar bahasa Inggris, belajar collocation akan membantu mencari kata yang lebih mudah dengan memperhatikan gabungan kata kerja dan kata depan (preposition). Contoh kata get in dan get out. Apa perbedaannya? Mari kita belajar bersama.

Mampir

To stop by

Common spoken word: to visit or stop somewhere briefly in order to do something

 

We should stop by the supermarket to buy some snack. (Kita sebaiknya mampir swalayan buat beli cemilan)

 

 

Menemukan sesuatu gak sengaja

To come across

Common spoken word: to meet or find unexpectedly

 

While Joni was cleaning his mum’s room, he came across a very old pen. (Ketika Joni sedang membersihkan kamar mamanya, ia tak sengaja menemukan sebauh pulpen tua)

 

 

Kerja dengan giat dan tekun

To take pains

Common spoken word: to work carefully and conscientiously

 

She takes pains to do everything well; she's our best employee. (Dia bekerja dengan giat dan tekun; dia adalah karyawan terbaik kita)

 

  

Menonton, mengamati

To look on

Common spoken word: to watch as a spectator, to observe

 

There was an accident victim groaning, but people just looked on him. (Ada korban kecelakaan mengerang, tapi orang-orang hanya menontonnya)

 

 

Mengagumi, menghormati

To look up to

Common spoken word: to admire, to respect greatly

 

Everyone in my family obviously looks up to father because he is responsible. (Semua anggota keluarga menghormati ayah karena beliau bertanggung jawab)

Why did you look up to that artist? (Kenapa kamu mengagumi seniman itu?)

 

 

Merendahkan

To look down on

Common spoken word: to think of someone as less important

 

Nobody bows their head to you as long as you tend to look down on someone else. (Tak ada orang yang menghormatimu selama kamu cenderung merendahkan orang lain)

 

 

Melahirkan

To give birth to

Common spoken word: to bear a human being or animal

 

Maria’s mother has just given birth to two twin babies. (Ibu Maria baru saja melahirkan dua bayi kembar)

 

 

Mengganggu

To get on one's nerves

Common spoken word: to annoy or disturb

 

Sofia and Laura love to talk to anyone. Sometimes their chatter really gets on my nerves. (Sofia dan Laura suka berbicara dengan siapa saja. Terkadang obrolan mereka menggangguku)  

 

Berusaha

To go for

Common spoken word: to seek or strive for

 

I’m going for saving money. (Aku sedang berusaha menabung)

 

Tertarik, senang akan sesuatu

To go in for, be into, get into

Common spoken word: to have as an interest, such as a sport or hobby

 

I’m not into basketball. (Aku tidak tertarik dengan permainan basket)

 

Begadang

To stay up

Common spoken word: to remain awake, not to go to bed

 

Some teachers stayed up until midnight, checking their student’s work. (Beberapa guru begadang sampai tengah malam, memeriksa pekerjaan murid mereka)

 

Tinggal di rumah

To stay in

Common spoken word: to remain at home, not to go out

 

On a rainy day, I like to stay in and read. (Waktu hujan, aku suka tinggal saja di rumah dan membaca)