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Skill 15 Contrary Meaning (Listen for Untrue Conditions)



Perhatikan ucapan orang kedua

Jika orang kedua mengutarakan pernyataan pengandaian, maka dia mengimplikasikan kenyataan sebaliknya.


Key Information about Untrue Conditions




-          An affirmative condition implies a negative reality

-          A negative condition implies an affirmative reality

If she were at home, she could do it.


If she weren’t at home, she could do it.

= not at home



= at home

-          A past tense implies a present reality

-          A past perfect verb implies a past reality

If I had money, I would buy it.

If I had had money, I would have bought it.

= do not have money


= did not have money

-          Had can be used without if

Had I had money, I would have bought it.

= did not have money


1. Woman        : I am glad I called and told you about the meeting.

Man     : If you had not called me, I wouldn’t have known.

Narrator           : What does the man mean?

A. The woman did not need to call him.

B. The woman called to let him know about the meeting.

C. He’s not glad that the woman called.

D. He already knew about the meeting when the woman called.


2. Man : I always seem to get stopped by the police.

Woman            : If you drove more slowly, the police wouldn’t stop you so often.

Narrator           : What does the woman mean?

A. The man often drives too quickly

B. The police do not stop the man too much.

C. The man drove rather slowly

D. The police should not stop the man so often


3. Man : Do you know that some offices are closed next Friday?

Woman            : Wouldn’t it be nice if we didn’t have to work on Friday?

Narrator           : What does the woman mean?

A. She’s so happy they don’t have to work on Friday

B. It would be nice if they could finish their work on Friday

C. She wonders if the man would be nice enough to come in to work in her place on Friday

D. It’s too bad they must work on Friday


4. Woman        : I don’t think that the letter that I mailed last week arrived.

Man     : I you had put enough postage on it, the letter would’ve arrived.

Narrator           : What does the man mean?

A. She did not put enough postage on the letter

B. The letter arrived last week

C. The letter did not need more postage

D. She did not put any postage on the letter


5. Woman        : Do you have a pet dog?

Man     : I would like to have one if it didn’t require so much attention.

Narrator           : What does the man mean?

A. He has a dog

B. He doesn’t pay attention to dogs

C. He wishes he had a dog

D. Dogs do not need much attention


6. Man : Did the other students know we were having a psychology exam today?

Woman            : Had they known about the exam, they would’ve prepared for it.

Narrator           : What does the woman say about the other students?

A. They knew they had to prepare for the exam

B. They didn’t prepare for the exam

C. As soon as they knew about the exam, they began to prepare for it.

D. They knew that the preparation for the exam would take a lot of time.


7. Woman        : We’re all going out to a great restaurant tonight. Do you want to come with us?

Man     : If it didn’t cost so much, I would.

Narrator           : What does the man mean?

A. It costs too much for him to go.

B. He agrees to go with them

C. He is unworried about the cost of the restaurant.

D. The restaurant is rather inexpensive.

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